Text Complexity: Raising Rigor in Reading. Get this book.
the big four 4 standards:
Reading 1, 1-, Writing 1, SL1
Reading text closely, reading complex text, writing arguments, talking a lot
Qualitative measures is the hard part. This tells you why it's complex. these are your teaching points. A Farewell to Arms is 730L which is 2-3 grade. The qualitative analysis gives you the teaching points which puts it at high school.
Background knowledge is lived experience. Prior knowledge is what you are taught. Cultural knowledge is what you have been told by family as your experience whether it is or not.
You can't just be in the presence of hard text. You have to talk and write about it. Talk has to be about grade level topics, texts, and issues.
Close Reading is a type of guided instruction. Teacher is intentionally asking questions, providing direction, probing, pointing out analysis.
Instructional behaviors of close reading: short passage, re-reading to demand evidence or answer a new question, read with a pencil using annotation skills, ask text-dependent questions, give students the chance to struggle a bit with text. In a close reading, we avoid front loading or pre-teaching. Close reading is taking all the front end scaffolds and distributing them throughout the readings of the text.
A 3-4 year old has great listening comprehension. Try skipping a page in a story at night to see how well they can listen and comprehend. In some cases, they get to school and we lower their listening comprehension experiences to their reading comprehension level. Keep the listening comprehension high with read alouds as they learn to read.
If students can't tell the beginning, middle, and end of the Hungry Caterpillar, re-read it to them. Don't tell them. What foods gave him a stomach ache, which didn't? Make a chart. Who tells the story, the narrator or the caterpillar? How do you know? They can answer these questions on the 3rd or 4th read. Slow down and let them think about it. The author says he is hungry? Is he? How do we know? where is it in the text? Is this a happy story or a sad one? How do you know? Compare to Monarch Butterfly. How are they alike? How are the books different?
Teachers need help writing the right questions.
Argument: the warrant is the hardest part. How the evidence supports the claim.
www.literacydesigncollaborative.org. Task templates. Sentence frames for grownups.